The Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781: The Fort Griswold Massacre

Part Three Click here for parts one and two. With British soldiers pouring into the fort, Colonel Ledyard ordered a ceasefire, and prepared to surrender Fort Griswold to the victorious British. However, the British disregarded the ceasefire and continuing pouring fire into the American garrison, killing or wounding nearly all of the fort’s defenders. “I …

Continue reading The Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781: The Fort Griswold Massacre

Part Two: The Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781: The Fort Griswold Massacre

For Part One, click here. Lt. Col. Edmund Eyre’s battalion of 800 Regulars and Loyalists landed on the east bank of the Thames River, facing tangled woodlands and swamps. The New Jersey Loyalists, in fact, had so much difficulty moving the artillery that they did not participate in the assault on Fort Griswold. Eyre sent …

Continue reading Part Two: The Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781: The Fort Griswold Massacre

The Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781: The Fort Griswold Massacre

Part One After turning coat, Benedict Arnold received a commission as a brigadier general in the British army as part of the deal that he made in order to betray his country. In August 1781, George Washington decided to shift forces in order to attack the army of Lt. Gen. Lord Charles Cornwallis in Virginia. …

Continue reading The Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781: The Fort Griswold Massacre