Standing in the Room Where American Was Born

Indep Hall WindowAs I stood in Independence Hall, in the room where the Founders debated the Declaration of Independence, I suddenly started thinking of the opening scene from the musical 1776, when John Adams cries for independence while everyone else complains about either the heat or the flies. “Won’t somebody open up a window?” one of the delegates pleads. “Too many flies!” others respond, shouting him down. Adams is advocating the most lofty of ideas but everyone else is mired in their own personal discomfort. What a great metaphor.

To stand in that room where Adams and the other delegates worked was a privilege. The tour group consisted of 50 people or so, so there was no opportunity for quiet reflection. There was no sublime, transcendent moment of awe or epiphany. The tour guide could not even tell me which table Adams sat at except “toward the back over here somewhere.” 

Washington's Chair
“I have often looked at that sun behind the president without being able to tell whether it was rising or setting,” Ben Franklin reportedly said of the design on the chair in which Washington sat. “But now I… know that it is a rising…sun.”

(He did point out James Madison’s seat for the Constitutional Convention, so that was cool, as well as the spot where Ben Franklin sat as he made his infamous quip about the rising sun on the back of George Washington’s chair.)

Such monumental history took place in that room.

If the delegates complained of heat or flies (or John Adams), then my small plague were the crowds. The park swarmed with people. NPS friends who’ve worked at Independence have lamented to me that the primary focus is crowd control and people management, not historical interpretation. I finally saw first-hand how true that was.

Despite the size of the tour group I was with in Independence Hall, though, I carried my own sense of awe into the room and felt its resonance.

Ales of the Revolution
A hot day required research at City Tavern into “Ales of the Revolution,” brewed by Yards Brewing Company: General Washington’s Tavern Porter, Thomas Jefferson’s 1774 Tavern Ale, Poor Richard’s Tavern Spruce, and Alexander Hamilton’s Federalist Ale. (John Adams preferred cider.)

I also had the chance to see the spot where Adams was sworn in as president of United States in the adjacent Congress Hall, the building that housed the capital for 10 years while Washington, DC, took shape. There, the guide was a self-professed Hamiltonian who had only two good things to say about Adams’s presidency: he kept us out of a war with France and I can’t remember the other. As an Adams groupie, I’m no fan of Hamilton, so I didn’t give his disciple much credence.

For me, the entire trip to Independence was an opportunity to walk in Adams’s footsteps. We even had lunch at City Tavern, where many of the Founders hung out after hours. Adams was particularly fond of the place.

My son and I took in as much as we could in the few hours we had available, which also included a visit to Ben Franklin’s grave (the cemetery charges $3 admission—be forewarned) and the reconstructed building on the spot where Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. Unfortunately, there were many museums we didn’t have the time to visit and many sites we had to pass by or breeze through.

Complicating matters, the sites all seemed to have different operating hours—some opening at 9 a.m., others at 10, others from 1-4, others only on weekends. The park boasts more than 20 sites—not including the non-NPS-affiliated sites also speckled throughout the historic district—and while the Historic Philadelphia Gazette offered a programming schedule and operating info, it was all still a challenge to keep track of.

Nonetheless, I count my visit to Independence NHP an excellent success, and I’m tantalized to return. I felt thrilled to stand in the room where America was born.

Independence Hall w Washington
A statue of George Washington stands in front of Independence Hall.
Declaration House
While the original boarding house where Jefferson lived was eventually torn down, the Park Service reconstructed a building—now called the Declaration House—on the site:
Carpenter's Hall
Carpenters Hall, just a few blocks down from Independence Hall, was the site of the First Continental Congress:
Museum of Amer Rev
The new Museum of the American Revolution, not affiliated with the NPS, charges admission, but it features a great collection of “stuff” that tells the story of America’s founding:
Signers Garden
“The Signer,” inspired by Pennsylvania George Clymer, stands in Signers’ Garden adjacent to Independence Hall:
Congressional Hall
Here in Congress Hall, Washington and, later, Adams were sworn in as president of the United States:
Indep Hall 01
Independence Hall from the back side.

4 thoughts on “Standing in the Room Where American Was Born

  1. Derek Maxfield

    Excellent piece, Sir. I have always lamented that Adams has never received his due. No one worked harder to achieve independence than Adams. And yet, there is no Adams memorial in Washington, DC.


  2. John Fine

    Thank you indeed. John Adams was second cousin to my Patriot Ancestor Samuel Adams (not the famous Sam Adams who had no children). My Samuel was also born in Braintree and went on to serve in the 2nd New Hampshire Regiment. Today we should honor all those who fought for this country of ours. John Adams was a very humble man and nothing he did fighting for liberty was for him alone. It was for every one of us.


  3. Michael Lynch

    I was there myself not too long ago. It’s taken me several visits to INHP to hit everything I wanted to there, and I still haven’t seen everything the park has to offer.


  4. My wife and I were there for the first time, and seeing all but one of the sites you mention, 3 years ago. A few weeks ago, we got back up to see the new Museum of the American Revolution (amazing how much they stuff into the 2nd floor; very well done!). All very wonderful. I remember when we were in Independence Hall, that we started in the room opposite THE room (where the Declaration and Constitution were debated and signed). I realized this, and told my wife we must be at the back of the group, so that when the guide told us all to go on to the next room . . . we’d be in the front in THE room. Anyone who values our Revolution and Founding should tour these sites in Philadelphia.


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