Category Archives: Campaigns

The Crawford Campaign, 1782: Captivity, Torture, and Execution

(part five of five) For those men separated from the retreating main body in the pell-mell retreat, Crawford’s expedition had become a nightmare, beginning with the panic on the night of June 5.  James Paul remembered being shaken awake with … Continue reading

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The Crawford Campaign, 1782: Rout, Retreat, and Recovery

(part four of five) As the night of June 5 gave way to a dark retreat on June 6, the militia struggled eastward, attempting to reimpose some order on their main body.  According to Rose, Crawford set out after one … Continue reading

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The Crawford Campaign, 1782: Battle on the Sandusky

(part three of five) The expedition continued through thick forest until June 4, when it finally came upon a Wyandot town on the upper Sandusky after noon.    It was abandoned to the surprise of Crawford’s guides.[i]  (The Wyandot shifted from … Continue reading

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The Crawford Campaign, 1782: Birth of an Expedition

(part two of five) In April, 1782 local leaders, in particular David Williamson, petitioned Irvine to lead a punitive raid to the Sandusky River aimed at the Wyandot and Hopocan’s Delaware.[i]  While he could provide no material support or leadership, … Continue reading

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The Crawford Campaign, 1782: American Strategy in Ohio, 1781-1782

(part one of five) War on the American frontier was generally brutal, but few incidents inflamed American passions in the country’s early history as much as the torture and execution of Colonel William Crawford in June 1782 in Northwestern Ohio.  … Continue reading

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“In the deepest distress and anxiety of mind…” Gen. Gates letter to Congress on the Battle of Camden

238 years ago today the United States military suffered one of its worst defeats. The Battle of Camden, fought on August 16, 1780 just a few miles north of Camden, SC was a total defeat for the American “Grand Army” … Continue reading

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Uncovering the Continental Army in Morristown

Approximately one month ago, I took a temporary detail assignment to Morristown National Historical Park. The national park preserves the winter cantonments of the Continental Army during the American Revolution; including the harshest winter, weather-wise, of the entire war, in … Continue reading

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