Tag Archives: Ohio

The Crawford Campaign, 1782: Captivity, Torture, and Execution

(part five of five) For those men separated from the retreating main body in the pell-mell retreat, Crawford’s expedition had become a nightmare, beginning with the panic on the night of June 5.  James Paul remembered being shaken awake with … Continue reading

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The Crawford Campaign, 1782: Rout, Retreat, and Recovery

(part four of five) As the night of June 5 gave way to a dark retreat on June 6, the militia struggled eastward, attempting to reimpose some order on their main body.  According to Rose, Crawford set out after one … Continue reading

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The Crawford Campaign, 1782: Battle on the Sandusky

(part three of five) The expedition continued through thick forest until June 4, when it finally came upon a Wyandot town on the upper Sandusky after noon.    It was abandoned to the surprise of Crawford’s guides.[i]  (The Wyandot shifted from … Continue reading

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The Crawford Campaign, 1782: Birth of an Expedition

(part two of five) In April, 1782 local leaders, in particular David Williamson, petitioned Irvine to lead a punitive raid to the Sandusky River aimed at the Wyandot and Hopocan’s Delaware.[i]  While he could provide no material support or leadership, … Continue reading

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Burning Colonel Crawford

Last year I came across Dr. John Knight’s account of the torture and execution of Colonel William Crawford by members of the Delaware Indian tribe in 1782.  It was a vicious execution, but not unheard of in the wars on … Continue reading

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Visiting a Tragedy: Gnadenhutten, OH

Few places in the American Revolution evoke sorrow like Gnadenhutten, Ohio.  There, in March 1782, militia from Western Pennsylvania bludgeoned, scalped, and burned to death some ninety-six bound Indians who had adopted the Christian faith preached by missionaries from the … Continue reading

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General Edward Hand: The Squaw Campaign

Emerging Revolutionary War welcomes guest historian Eric Sterner.  In February 1778, Brigadier General Edward Hand, commanding Continental forces at Fort Pitt on the American frontier, launched what may be one of the oddest campaigns of the American Revolution, more famous … Continue reading

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