Author Archives: Eric J. Wittenberg

About Eric J. Wittenberg

Award-winning Civil War historian Eric J. Wittenberg focuses on cavalry operations in the Civil War.

The Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781: The Fort Griswold Massacre

Part One After turning coat, Benedict Arnold received a commission as a brigadier general in the British army as part of the deal that he made in order to betray his country. In August 1781, George Washington decided to shift … Continue reading

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Defense in Depth as a Revolutionary War Battlefield Tactic

Part 4 (click here for first three parts) As we have seen, two untrained, amateur, but very effective soldiers perfected the concept of the defense in depth during the campaigns of 1781. Morgan was the first to experiment with the … Continue reading

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Defense in Depth as a Revolutionary War Battlefield Tactic

Part Three (click here for first two installments) Determined to avenge his embarrassing defeat at Cowpens, Lt. Gen. Charles Lord Cornwallis set his army out in a determined pursuit of the American army. Knowing that he was too weak to … Continue reading

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Part 2: The Defense in Depth as a Revolutionary War Battlefield Tactic

For part one, click here.  Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan, the “Old Wagoner,” as he was known, commanded a light infantry corps assigned to Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene’s southern army. Morgan met with Greene in Charlotte, North Carolina on December 3, … Continue reading

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The Defense in Depth as a Revolutionary Battlefield Tactic

Part One of Four  As a general statement, most people don’t think of the Revolutionary War as a testing ground for battlefield tactics. That assumption would not be correct. In fact, the Revolutionary War proved beyond doubt that traditional European … Continue reading

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Hessian Camp, Reading, Pennsylvania: A Childhood Mystery Solved

I grew up in a suburb of Reading, Pennsylvania. Reading is the county seat of Berks County, and is located about sixty miles northwest of Philadelphia. Reading is an old town; Richard and Thomas Penn, the sons of William Penn, … Continue reading

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Lord Dunmore’s War: The Opening of the American Revolution

PART FOUR OF FOUR Visiting the Point Pleasant Battlefield Today, little of the Point Pleasant battlefield remains. A small park, of about four acres, at the confluence of the Kanawha and Ohio Rivers is the only preserved portion of the … Continue reading

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