Author Archives: Eric J. Wittenberg

About Eric J. Wittenberg

Award-winning Civil War historian Eric J. Wittenberg focuses on cavalry operations in the Civil War.

The Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781: The Fort Griswold Massacre

Part Three Click here for parts one and two. With British soldiers pouring into the fort, Colonel Ledyard ordered a ceasefire, and prepared to surrender Fort Griswold to the victorious British. However, the British disregarded the ceasefire and continuing pouring … Continue reading

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Part Two: The Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781: The Fort Griswold Massacre

For Part One, click here. Lt. Col. Edmund Eyre’s battalion of 800 Regulars and Loyalists landed on the east bank of the Thames River, facing tangled woodlands and swamps. The New Jersey Loyalists, in fact, had so much difficulty moving … Continue reading

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The Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781: The Fort Griswold Massacre

Part One After turning coat, Benedict Arnold received a commission as a brigadier general in the British army as part of the deal that he made in order to betray his country. In August 1781, George Washington decided to shift … Continue reading

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Defense in Depth as a Revolutionary War Battlefield Tactic

Part 4 (click here for first three parts) As we have seen, two untrained, amateur, but very effective soldiers perfected the concept of the defense in depth during the campaigns of 1781. Morgan was the first to experiment with the … Continue reading

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Defense in Depth as a Revolutionary War Battlefield Tactic

Part Three (click here for first two installments) Determined to avenge his embarrassing defeat at Cowpens, Lt. Gen. Charles Lord Cornwallis set his army out in a determined pursuit of the American army. Knowing that he was too weak to … Continue reading

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Part 2: The Defense in Depth as a Revolutionary War Battlefield Tactic

For part one, click here.  Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan, the “Old Wagoner,” as he was known, commanded a light infantry corps assigned to Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene’s southern army. Morgan met with Greene in Charlotte, North Carolina on December 3, … Continue reading

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The Defense in Depth as a Revolutionary Battlefield Tactic

Part One of Four  As a general statement, most people don’t think of the Revolutionary War as a testing ground for battlefield tactics. That assumption would not be correct. In fact, the Revolutionary War proved beyond doubt that traditional European … Continue reading

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